ESF is led by an all-volunteer Board of Directors. Currently, eight individuals sit on the board. Six directors are scholars at universities in Canada and the U.S. All share a deep interest in issues concerning world language problems, language policy and planning, interlinguistics, Esperanto, linguistic technologies and global education, among others. Director profiles, including contact information, can be found in this section. In addition to sitting on the board, each Director serves on one of two committees: the Interlingual Research Committee or the Education Committee, which are tasked with reviewing research grant proposals and presenting recommended proposals to the full board for final approval. Other committees are formed from time to time to address specific issues.
The full board meets approximately once a month via teleconference to review ongoing programs, new initiatives and to oversee operations. Project proposals and research grant requests are reviewed on a tri-annual basis during the months of January, May and September. The ESF board also meets for an annual strategic planning session at least once a year. In 2008, the board established an Operations Committee, comprised of three directors and the foundation's administrator, to review the business affairs of the organization on a weekly basis. The Operations Committee also reviews all submitted proposals and forwards those that match our interests and requirements to the full board for final consideration.